Jujutsu Basics and Techniques
Unlike the other Japanese arts like Karate or Chinese arts of Kung Fu Jujutsu concentrates more on throwing a opponent ,using a series of techniques to either use your opponents weight against him or herself or with the use of leverage one can topple a opponent leaving him open for attack from a series of Joint locks and breaks ,chokes and strangles and even pressure point knock-out blows.
Like Karate jujutsu is taught as a defense ,most techniques are from being attacked ,unlike Karate Jujutsu makes less use of devastating knock-out strikes but the use of finely tuned techniques that even a light weight can perform with ease.
Of course all this throwing on the floor can be detrimental to your health ,and it's why Jujutsu exponents are taught the art of Break-falling ,it a way of taking the energy of being thrown and transferring it back in to the ground by slapping the floor prior to your body hitting the deck ,performed right break-falling can prevent series injury ,especially when experts in Jujutsu can throw you to the floor at a alarming rate .
The break falls consist of various versions from the rolling break-fall, side break-fall,for-flap,back and spins. For a full explanation of these break falls click here!.
Joint locks are applied to any part of the body that has a joint such as fingers,wrists,Elbows,Ankles,Knees,Shoulders,Thighs,and even Necks. These techniques are important for gaining cooperation from a aggressor ,leaving him the only option but to submit or get his body broken ,as all joint locks has a emphasis where the joint can be broken ,of course in practice we don't break each others joints ( well not purposely, I have seen dislocations happen and have been on the receiving end of such a technique) .
Choke holds are a other technique used ,applying a choke hold either using the opponents clothing or not ,if clothing is at hand it can form a useful lever in a choke hold ,but to be honest Choke holds should only be practised under supervised action,as it's quite easy to dissociate the windpipe from it;s ligament resulting in suffocation and death.
But saying this many practice chokes the wrong way ,the wrong way is when the choking arm is pushed against your opponents windpipe ,using your strength to utilise the choke , The proper way is yes to have the arm across the windpipe ,but use the arm like a camshaft of a car ,with the arm across the windpipe turn the arm so the hard bone of the arm manipulates the windpipe giving good grip on the neck ,as you turn the arm the opponent feels the hardness of the bone of the arm shutting his airway, quite nasty really.
The other form of hold is the strangle hold ,this is probably safer to practice as there are many levels in the strangle ,with a strangle it works on the arteries on the side of the neck ,this results in stopping the blood-flow to the brain,resulting in a opponent falling unconscious in just 5 seconds or so, killing a opponent could take up to a minute . Now that does not mean you should see how long you can hold for in a strangle ,not unless you want to be a vegetable. As prolonged blood starvation to the brain could result in you being brain damaged . It's no fun training with brain damaged partner.
So the end line is to be cautious when practising these lethal techniques.
Striking as in any martial art is fundamental, but in Jujutsu it's there to gain control so as to apply the joint locks ,chokes,throws and so forth. Unlike other arts like Karate or Taekwondo which utilise strikes as the finish to a confrontation..Of course with out striking you could not perform the many techniques in Jiujitsu ,but the strikes used are simple and without the need for extensive conditioning of the legs or arms.
Yes of course you have to be fit but unlike a art like Taekwondo there's no excessive leg stretching as Jujutsu practitioners rarely kick above the solar Plexus. On top of that soft blocking is used in many styles ,so the need for hard style Karate blocking or wooden dummy training as in Wing Chun is not needed. Other then that you use what you can from fists ,elbows,ridge hands,knees ,what ever gets the job done.
Throwing is a vital part of Jujutsu as many techniques end in the performance of a throw ,the Hip throw is of course is the most common used ,once in position ,after getting your cooperation from your adversary by striking him a few times or so. You can manoeuvre in to a hip throw position ,by wrapping your arm around his waist or back ,though the more correct way is around the waist as to high on the back just makes the throw harder and more opportunity for your opponent to get away. Grabbing with the other arm you drop your weight and ease you opponent over your own hip in a circular motion towards the floor ,making sure to keep hold of the grasped arm at all times , as once he lands you want to do some joint locking on the poor fellow.
There all alternate throws that have the same principles ,some lock the arm when throwing others utilise the neck area. .throwing is all about physics and momentum ,making flooring your opponent a easy task.
Take-downs are a different ball game as they often use strength unless you have perfected a perfect way of breaking your opponents balance ( Kuzushi) in take-downs like hocks , many take-downs can be utilised using other techniques first ,striking of course and the use of locks, but another use is pressure points ,along the body you have many areas to utilise where nerves run along the body from the leg to the head .
By finding these points you can make a tough manoeuvre easy as pressure in the right spot can lend a aggressive adversary at your mercy as you perform all manner of leg throws,hocks,sweeping techniques to them.